Retaining wall is an outer wall that has a function as a retaining ground so that its condition continues to be stable and cannot landslide or protected from erosion. This retaining wall is often applied on sloping ground conditions or have different elevation levels.
But if properly applied the retaining wall can be an increase in the attractiveness of the building. There are even people who are interested in making it this element is used to make garden decoration but must not forget its main function. When viewed from the classification, there are three types of retaining walls.
First is the type of gravity, namely retaining wall which makes the weight or weight of the material and the maker material as the main element to withstand the weight of the soil. Ingredients are often used namely Gabion stone.
The second is retaining gravity. In addition to making the weight of the material a mainstay of the load, the weight of the land being retained is also served to keep the structure stable and unchanged and decreased. Whereas the third retaining is non-gravity, prioritizing the concept of construction and the strength of the material to make the soil stable.
Then when viewed from the material or material used to make it, this retaining wall can be divided into several types. The first is a concrete retaining wall. The advantage is that it is able to withstand the weight of the ground but is too simple and simple.
If you want to make it look more attractive, this can be done by covering the concrete with natural stone and making it as a decorative wall. But of course, this concept requires greater funding because the manufacture of the concrete itself takes quite a lot of budget.
Second is using wood. The use of this material can only be applied to areas or locations whose size smaller and not too high. Because the strength of wood material is not so good compared to concrete. In order to be able to withstand the burden of the application, the system must be equipped with a beam in its construction.
And what is certain is, the quality of the wood used must be absolutely guaranteed and able to deal with weather changes. And that should not be forgotten, when made must be given a layer of anti-mold and mildew as well as waterproof so that the weathering process can more optimally be avoided. The use of this material is more suitable to be applied to buildings that also use wood as the main element.
The third is the retaining wall of paving blocks. Now the use of paving block material to make retaining walls is increasingly preferred by many people because the application system is very easy to do. Because this material is made in size standard and has a shape that is always precise and symmetrical so that the installation process can be done easily.
If the wall size is large enough and the height and volume of soil that must be retained is heavier, then installation of paving blocks must be equipped with construction and adhesives. But if it is only small in size, use no glue needed. But the construction should still be made even though the concept is simpler.
Finally, the retaining wall of natural stone. The use of this material can make the retaining wall look more beautiful and its character and natural feel are getting stronger. Retaining from natural stone is very suitable to be applied to buildings that use tropical architectural styles.
Things that must be considered when making it, the application system must be considered carefully because of the size of the stone different. So, the stone arrangement must still be able to make the surface of the wall still look flat and not bumpy. The stone should be attached with a reference from cement so that it is stronger in weight.